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Radiation therapy may be delivered in one of the following forms:

External Beam
The most common type of radiation therapy, external beam radiation therapy is designed to target a specific part of your body. The treatment machines aim high-powered beams inside the body at cancer cells to prevent them from dividing.

A form of external beam therapy, intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) breaks the radiation into thousands of thin beams to better target the cancer and minimize effects on surrounding tissue.
Image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT), one of the most cutting edge innovations in fighting cancer, combines imaging and treatment capabilities on a single machine.

Brachytherapy
Internal radiation therapy that involves radioactive sources injected or placed inside the body.

Other treatments include:

  • Stereotactic radiosurgery – Uses a single large dose of radiation to treat brain and other tumor tissue
  • Stereotactic radiotherapy – Delivers radiation to tissue, but uses multiple small fractions of radiation instead of one large dose
  • 3D Conformal Radiation Therapy – Uses CT, MRI or PET technology to more precisely target tumors gauging width, height and depth; 4D conformal radiation therapy includes respiratory gating, which monitors the patient’s breathing and respiratory cycle to determine the exact moment to deliver the most effective radiation
  • Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (IORT) – Delivers radiation to tumors while they are exposed during surgery

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With doctors practicing in 80 specialties at locations throughout the region, it’s easy to find the right healthcare team at Carle. Our mission is to serve people through high quality care, medical research and education.

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